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How to Hunt

  • Hunting Calls

    Antelope make varying distinct calls for warning, courtship, rutting, and doe-to-fawn. The male warning call is often a snort, snort chuckle, or snort wheeze; it is used to let other bucks know that he is there and this is his territory. A loud whistling sound is also made when a Pronghorn is startled or worried. The male makes a high-pitched whine courtship call and a roar for a rutting call. Doe-to-fawn sounds are a lower bleat.

  • Tracks, Gaits, & Scat

    Pronghorn tracks are shaped like an upside-down heart. The hind border is broader than that of a deer and the outside edges are distinctly concave. The front hoof measures about 3.5 in long by 2.16 in wide. Pronghorns have no dewclaws. The Pronghorn has an interesting habit of scraping the ground with a hoof to mark its territory, then depositing the droppings or urine on the bare spot of ground. They scat in pellets or clumps. The pellets are teardrop-shaped with one end blunt and the other pointed.

Pronghorn fur is a reddish-brown color, but it can also be tan or darker brown. They have white markings on the face, neck, stomach and rump. The white hairs on their rumps are extra long and raised to alert other pronghorns that danger is near. Both males and females have a pair of short horns on the top of the head. However, females’ are usually only small bumps. The male’s horns, on the other hand, are around 10-12 inches long, extending straight up and then curve towards their rear. There is also a small notch or prong that points forward at the front of the horn. Pronghorns have large eyes and fantastic vision used to avoid predators. They are also the fastest land animal in North America. Pronghorns can run at speeds close to 60 mph and can maintain fast speeds for longer periods of time than that of a cheetah. They reach full maturity at 15 to 16 months. Pronghorns Antelope typically live up to 10 years and rarely up to 15 years in the wild.